The impetus for this report comes from the global recognition of indigenous and local practices for climate change adaptation (UNFCCC, 2013). The report details the findings of a study conducted under the Mainstreaming Climate Change Risk Management in Development Program (MCCRMDP), a technical assistance initiative of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in support of the Government of Nepal (GoN). This study formed a part of the Pilot Program on Climate Change Resilience (PPCR) currently implemented by the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment (MoSTE), Government of Nepal (GoN). It concludes that for Nepal to become a climate resilient country, local communities must fully participate in and contribute their rich local knowledge and practices to climate change adaptation and resilience-building. Their participation is crucial for the success of Nepal’s longterm adaptation plans and programs, especially in sectors such as natural resource management and institutional capacity building.