The study aimed to increase the understanding of the roles indigenous and local knowledge and practices (ILKP) play in local water management in context of climate change adaptation and to contribute in developing climate- friendly plans and programs. Palpa, Jumla, Bhaktapur, Tanahu, Lalitpur, Sindhupalchowk districts. The study adopted broad social science research approach using case study and involved observations, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, household interviews, district level consultations and literature review as key methodologies. The study was supported by Asian Development Bank. ISET-Nepal carried out the study in partnership with Integrated Development Service (IDS).