With the completion of the three tiers of local, provincial and national elections, building a prosperous (sambridha) Nepal is a moral and political obligation for the new governments. Access to reliable, affordable and clean sources of energy is fundamental to Nepal’s sambridhi by correcting prevailing energy poverty and achieving social and economic wellbeing. Today, 25 percent of Nepal’s population still lives without access to electricity. Nepal’s annual per capita electricity consumption at 132 kWh is the lowest in South Asia. Our efforts at hydropower development in the past 25 years have helped overcome some aspects of generation bottleneck but not contributed to overcome major demand side barriers nor elevated people’s economic and social wellbeing.