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ISET-Nepal was established in 2001 as a non-governmental and not-for-profit organization to study and analyse developmental issues of rapidly changing social and environmental context that demand new insights into the emerging challenges to manage resources for sustainable development.
Three days of continuous rainfall across the foothills of west Nepal in mid-August 2014 led to widespread flooding and damage along the Karnali River and its tributary Babai. The flood affected and displaced thousands of families of Banke, Bardiya, and Kailali districts and over a hundred people lost their lives. Hundreds of houses were damaged along with roads, bridges, local markets, transport infrastructure, livestock, crops and daily consumables. Government and aid agencies were involved in rescue and relief. Zurich, ISET-International, ISET-Nepal and Practical Action collaborated to conduct post-event review of the 2014 Karnali flood.
Groundwater resources in the Middle Hills of Nepal play a crucial role in supplying domestic and irrigation water along with providing base-flow for rivers. However there has been very little systematic study of groundwater, making it difficult to evaluate how water supplies and river flows may change in response to changing climate and land-use. To begin to establish an evidence base, two catchments in Nepal’s Middle Hills: Ramche Village Development Committee (VDC), at an elevation of 2,000–3,000 masl, with terraced farming and forested slopes, and Madanpokhara VDC which is largely below 1,000 masl with expanding commercial agriculture were investigated. The study aimed to characterizthe hydrogeology of the catchments, assess water supplies and water usage and evaluate how resilient groundwater is to change.
ISET-International, ISET-Nepal and Practical Action collaborated to develop and refine an approach to post-event analysis which can be applied more broadly and will support a systematic understanding of how to build resilience and develop mechanisms to avoid loses in the future, particularly at the scale of communities, urban areas, or rural regions. This framework would be helpful to generate approaches to post-event analysis that enable implementation of practical risk reduction activities and systematic data collection on what works. The project is supported by Zurich Insurance Company Ltd, Switzerland.